General Information

The Andean Cock-of-the-Rock is shy, and despite its bright colors, not very easy to see. It is the national bird of Peru.

Physical Description

The Cock-of-the-Rock is a medium sized bird, approximately 12 ½ inches long. It is a passerine with a large disk-like crest and scarlet or brilliant orange plumage. It has a black tail and wings. The female is a darker brown than the male and has a shorter crest. This bird has a fan shaped crest, which makes it unique from any other Bolivian bird.

Diet

Because fruit is the birds primary food source, they always have food due to the plentiful cloud forests.

Habitat

The Cock-of-the-Rock lives in the ravines in mountain forests of the Andes between 1,600 and 8,000 feet. They are distributed in Andean cloud forests in Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.

Reproduction

The male is polygamous and displays in communal lek, which is where a group of males gather and compete in a mating display. The lek is where the males dance for the drabber females by flapping their wings, voicing strange noises, and jumping around. They devote so much energy to this dance that they aren't even able to help raise the young at all. The females build shallow nests with mud and plant materials on the walls of rocks, hence where the bird's name originated. Gestation normally lasts about 28 days and females lay about two eggs per year.

Cock of the Rock

Scientific Name
Rupicola peruviana

Status
Least Concern

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Cotingidae
Genus: Rupicola
Species: R. peruviana